Plastic is a ubiquitous, everyday material.
The chemical elements in plastic are often recycled or recycled through a process called polymerization.
Plastic can also be manufactured by hand, by spinning a plastic wheel or by pouring it in a metal tank.
However, most plastics are made by chemical reactions involving two chemicals: polyacrylamide and acrylamides.
Polyacryamides, which are formed by the action of the hydrocarbon nitrogen on carbon, are the two most common types of polymers in consumer products, such as disposable plastic cups, water bottles and paper towels.
Acrylamids are also commonly used in household products, and they are used to make a variety of plastics.
Polyamide, for example, is a plastic used for cleaning and drying paints and coatings.
Acrylics are made from the starch molecules in acrylonitrile butadiene styrene.
Acetal is the most common type of polyurethane and is used to create paints, waterproofing and insulation.
Some plastics also contain organic polymers.
For example, acetate is made from sugar alcohol and acetic acid.
Acrolein, the chemical in acetone, is also used to coat plastics and adhesives.
Polycarbonate is a type of polymer used for insulating.
Polyvinyl chloride is a synthetic polymer used to protect plastic bottles from water damage.
Some materials, such, vinyl chloride, are also chemically inert.
A common process for making plastic is to use it in certain manufacturing processes such as polyester production and resins and composites.
Polymers that can be recycled include polyester, nylon, polyvinyl acetate, polyethylene, polypropylene, polyurea, polyisobutylene and polytetrafluoroethylene.
Polypropylene is a natural polymer made from water and cellulose.
Synthetic polymer products include polyethylenes, polyethers, polystyrene and polyethylchloroisoprene.
Polystyrene is also sometimes used as an adhesive for paint.
Polyethanol, a natural petroleum derived from sugar cane, is used as a solvent for resins, polymers and resin products.
Synthetically made plastics can be reused for a wide variety of applications, from clothing to paper and vinyl products.
However with the use of plastic in a wide range of products, some consumers are concerned about the health risks associated with the chemicals used in plastic production.
Many consumer products are made of polypropylenes, such a polystyrile, which is highly toxic to humans and can cause serious health problems.
Some plasticizers, such polyethylen-9, are more toxic to animals and can also cause serious birth defects and reproductive problems.
Other chemicals are commonly used to manufacture plastics such as vinyl chloride and polyacrylic acid.
Synthesized plastics can also have serious health effects on the environment.
Polyethylene is an oil used in many products, including some furniture, toys, packaging and paper products.
Polyester is a durable plastic that is used for textiles and fabrics.
Polyurethanes are a synthetic form of polyethylphenylene, and are often used to fabricate clothing and footwear.
Synthetics are sometimes referred to as a byproduct of the plastic processing process.
The most common use of polyisocyanurate, a by-product of a plastic chemical processing, is in making toys, such toys that contain plastic fibers, or in making paints.
Plastic products are also frequently used as food, cosmetics, toys and other items.
Polytetraethylene (PTFE), a synthetic plastic made from polyethyleneglycol, is often used in some plastics, including vinyls and polyproprene.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has listed PTFE as a hazardous substance.
PTFEs are a mixture of a petroleum-based polyethane and a polypropene.
PFOA is a by product of the polymerization of a hydrocarbon.
P-A-T-E-R-I-N-G-E (Polyethylene Ethylene Triethylene) is a petroleum derived by-products of the manufacturing of polycarbonate plastic.
It is commonly used as the basis for polycarbonates and is sometimes added to some food and cosmetics products.
It can also form a coating for some plastics and can form a solid material for use as an insulation material.
Many of these chemicals are hazardous.
Some chemicals are also toxic, and some contain a carcinogenic compound.